(words in capital letters are Japanese words)
CHIKEI = grains made of JINIE.
FUMBARI = conscious width and thickness that becomes larger at the base.
HADA = layer pattern. => steel
HADORI = 1. the modern polishing style of blades. 2. the white pattern that enhances hamon on the modern styled polishing. => TOGI
HAGIRE = one type of crack (flaw) on the hamon.
HAMON = tempered pattern
HANIKU = meat in the hamon area => shaping
HIRANIKU = meat of the cutting surface, => shaping
JIFU = 1. distinguished area made of dense CHIKEI. 2. spots of different steel on the blade surface.
JINIE = the particles on the steel. => CHIKEI, JIFU
KAGEUCHI = a shadow product blade for special order.
KANTEI = judging a blade quality or finding out a smith of the blade.
KISSAKI = tip part of the blade, => types of kissaki form, => shaping
KOSHIRAE = whole mount of a sword.
MADOAKE = a part polishing to see the quality of the blade.
MIZUKAGE = one kind of starting of UTSURI.
NAGINATA/ NAGAMAKI = a long-handled single-edged blade.
NAKAGO = tang
NASHIJI-HADA = one kind of steel, a view full of JINIE.
NIE and NIOI = particles that make hamon pattern.
OSHIGATA = a hand trace of blades.
polishing = a final work of TOGI , a modern style and a classical style.
SASHIKOMI = the classical polishing style of blades. => TOGI
SATSUMA-AGE = a special shaped blade filed out from broken blade.
shadow = UTSURI
shaping = a base work of TOGI
SHIRASAYA = plain wood scabbard and handle, for preservation.
SUN'NOBI = It means "longer than regular size". So it is used as "sun'nobi tanto", means a large tanto, usually longer than 30cm. Do not confuse with SUNOBE.
SUNOBE = 1.(= SUNOBE blade) 2. the process of drawing out the steel block to the length of the blade.
SUNOBE blade = a blade made of the modern steel which was not made by fold welding.
TAMAHAGANE = material of Japanese swords, pure steel made by "TATARA".
TATARA = the traditional method to make pure steel from iron sand and charcoal.
TOGI = polishing, actually shaping and polishing. => process of the polishing work
UBUHA = virgin edge.
UCHIKO = fine powder for treatment of the blade, made from fine polishing stone.
URUSHI = traditional Japanese resin made from a kind of tree, it is used as lacquer or paste.
UTSURI = shadow of hamon. It is one result of tempering.
virgin edge = un-sharpened cutting edge near the tang on new swords. UBUHA.
YAKI-IRE = heat treatment to harden the cutting edge. Making hamon. Tempering.
YAKI-NAOSHI = re-tempering.
YAKI-OTOSHI = a hamon style that starts at a distance from the tang.
YAKI-WARE = tempering cracks.
About TSUBA & fittings
BASHIN = one kind of accessory knife, straight double-edged.
HABAKI = it settles the blade in the scabbard.
SHAKUDO = black colour alloy made of copper and gold.
TEKKOTSU = one kind of the appearance of steel tsuba, like ridges or lumps. The cores become visible by wearing.
TOSHO/KO-TOSHO = one kind of the tsuba style, a good steel with one point cut out design.
YAMAGANE = unrefined copper, dark brown bronze.
=> A very useful glossary by PhD. Richard Stein. http://home.earthlink.net/~steinrl/glossry.htm